So before I begin the initial post, I guess I should give a quick background of the purpose of this blog as well as the source material. I have been teaching the “young adult” Sunday school class at my church for over a decade now (we’re not as young as we used to be) and at some point years ago we moved from a model of guided lessons or common reads to working our way through various books of the bible chapter by chapter. Largely this methodology proceeds week to week through thick and thin, exciting and mundane with the Spirit working where He wills within the discussion of the class. I am consistently blessed by comments and commentary that emerge from within the class and I have always meant to write down the things I learn…this is the current embodiment of that attempt. Largely I am just writing this for myself to chronicle our journey through various books of the bible, but I definitely welcome anyone who reads this and finds hope, joy or further insight (or even criticism) to share and continue the lesson further.
This week we concluded the book of Romans and began the Gospel of Matthew. We had a great conversation around the close connection that Paul shared with the various churches that he wrote to. He had a love for people and for personal interaction and many times he paid a price for those interactions. The last chapter of Romans to me gives context to the overall tone of the letter. Paul is not writing theology from a remote place to attempt to coerce people into following him, but he writes in love to people he knows personally in an impassioned voice to bring people into a right understanding of Jesus Christ in order to ensure that the body of Christ grows in ways that lead people into the freedom of Christ and not into a bondage as great if not greater than the one that they were born into. Anyway, that is the context of the lead-in to the Gospel of Matthew for our class and not what I am wanting to write about, maybe I will write about Romans at some point in the future…
After reading Paul’s letter to the Romans about Christ, I felt a longing to read about the life and teachings of the man that the letter was written about. So in Matthew Chapter 1 we again have a laundry list of names, (much like the one in the last chapter of Romans, but again I digress). The list is not technically a list of ancestors of Jesus, but of Joseph, his adoptive father. The list begins with Abraham and this is significant because of who it doesn’t begin with. It doesn’t begin with Adam and it doesn’t begin with Noah, it begins with Abraham, because the promise made to Abraham is a promise based on Faith, not works or genetics. This is important because within the genealogy proceeding from Abraham, several instances of non-Jewish lineage are mentioned, specifically Tamar, Esther and Ruth. These instances are important, they mention instances where faith in God was maintained by people not of Jewish birth (Tamar was a Canaanite, Ruth was a Moabite and Rahab was an Amorite). The promise of faith given to Abraham as opposed to a promise based on race is an important element of the works of Paul, but to me in this context is more a commentary on the power of faith and relationship with God that is crucial in leading up to the birth of Christ as well as in his teaching and ministry in later chapters.
Not to carve out a neat 3 point lesson from this, but…one point that I do take from the genealogy of Christ is that we all have a role to play in a composite sketch of God’s plan. Each of the names listed lived their own personal lives much as we live ours, in their own setting and probably had many of the same existential questions that we have, but in the end the mention that they get in the bible simply involves raising their children. The mundane, the everyday things of life are so incredibly easy to take for granted…but Matthew tells us they are sacred. Joseph, who is declared as a righteous man in verse 19, I believe we can reasonably assume inherits some of his righteousness from this lineage of faith. As a descendant of David, this righteousness is his most valuable inheritance and leads to my next point.
Genealogy still matters if you are adopted. The genealogy of Matthew chapter 1 is widely held as the genealogy of Christ. The adoptive love of Joseph for Jesus is a love that models the Father’s own love for us as written by Paul. God has chosen a specific lineage of faith to bear the promise of Abraham, culminating in Joseph, who serves as nurturer and protector for God’s son in his most vulnerable state. We too are heirs of this lineage of faith, of God’s promise and the adoptive love of a Father who chooses us, not for anything we can offer Him but because he chooses to love us as we are, because we are family.
And since we are family, we inevitably make mistakes. In fact in verse 21 Joseph is told that the mission of his child will be to save us from our mistakes. It is truly gospel (good news) that God’s plan can allow for our mistakes. From this reading we can assume that best thing Judah did was marry well, it was Tamar that carried on the faith, defended the lineage and contributed to the development of the man who would be called on to raise the Christ child. King David, whose name you would think would be mentioned to add glory to the lineage of Joseph, Matthew throws shade on by recording that his child Solomon was born not from Bathsheba, but Uriah’s Wife, recollecting not only David’s most shameful mistake, but of all of David’s accomplishments, this is the one that matters, and it is tainted with sin.
This is our legacy, these are the generations of man. But the mystery of God is that throughout the 28 generations of Israel, a composite sketch is being developed leading up to the first generation of God since the creation. At long last Emmanuel has come, for the first time since man walked in the garden, we are not alone. Each person in this lineage through faith, in spite their imperfection has contributed to the Christ story through which we all are saved.
And so, the final point, when we walk by faith, sometimes doing what is good is not the same as doing what is right. Sometimes choosing to do right instead of what you have a right to do is where we find grace. It is grace that Joseph extends to Mary who is found pregnant. It is a good thing that he has in mind to divorce her quietly, not to make a spectacle out of her, but it isn’t righteous. If we hold righteous to mean that embodies what is right, then only God is righteous. What is right is what is in step with following and obeying the Father, and the Father has a different plan, one that intends to do exactly the opposite, to make a spectacle of Mary and her baby such as the world has never seen.
It is a gift from a lineage of faith that affords Joseph the righteousness he needs to be in a place spiritually to obey God when called upon to forgive Mary and take on the responsibility of caring for and raising Jesus. It is no mistake that the church chooses Advent to begin the year. This was the context for His birth and this is how we begin as well, with new birth, where God is still calling us to acts of faith, to extend grace, to love and to carry out our part of his eternal plan.